Bio 332 Biology of Plants Fall 2017 Schedule
Lectures: MWF 11-11:50 PM SB-416   Labs: T 2-4:50 PM SB-315
Ross Koning   860-933-2712   koning∂easternct⋅edu
Science 356   MWF 9A-11A

Hotlines: 860-465-4444 or 800-578-1449

Biology of Plants Tentative Schedule
Date Lec/Lab Topic Preparation
Tue-Aug 29 Lab Setup Amplified Abstract
Wed‑Aug 30 Syllabus Review, PPT, HTM
Lecture Handouts
Pointers for Botany
Fri-Sep 1 What is a plant?, PPT, HTM
Botany Photosynthesis, Ethnobotany
Mon-Sep 4 Labor Day!
Tue-Sep 5 Ayers Gap Field Trip Dress for Weather, Got Ride?
Wed-Sep 6 Taxonomy and Cladistics
Fri-Sep 8 Why study plants? Seed
Seed and Seedling Vocabulary
Mon-Sep 11 Seeds and Germination, PPT, HTM Seed Germination
Tue-Sep 12 Due: Ayers Gap Abstract and Plant List
Seeds and Germination Exercise
Root and Stem Homework
Root Slides
Stem Slides
Ranunculus Stem Slide
Wed-Sep 13 Continue Seeds and Germination Root, Stele
Fri-Sep 15 Count Lettuce Seed Germination
Roots, PPT, HTM
Root Vocabulary
Mon-Sep 18 Continue Roots Stem
Stem Vocabulary
Tue-Sep 19 Reset Lettuce Seeds
Plant Morphology Exercise
Leaf Wordsearch
Leaf Vocabulary
Photosynthesis Study Guide
Wed-Sep 20 Finish Roots
Secondary Growth, Dendrochronology, Pinus longaeva
Fri-Sep 22 Seed Germination Exercise Observations Stems, PPT, HTM
Mon-Sep 25 Finish Stems
Cambium, Wood, Periderm, Bark
Comic Version
Tue-Sep 26 Finish Seed & Germination Exercise
Due: Plant Morphology Ex.
Root and Stem Anatomy Exercise
Leaf Anatomy Homework
Leaf Anatomy Slides
Cyanobacteria Homework
Cyanobacteria Slides
Wed-Sep 27 Finish Wood, Periderm C-3 Reactions, C-4 Reactions
Fri-Sep 29 Due: Seed & Germination Exercise
Leaves, PPT, HTM
Mon-Oct 2 Finish Leaves Cladistics
Tue-Oct 3 Due: Root and Stem Homework
Due: Root & Stem Anatomy Ex.
Photosynthesis Exercise
Life Cycle Wordsearch,
Practice Sheet,
and Taxonomy Vocabulary
Wed-Oct 4 Photosynthesis/Light, PPT, HTM
Fri-Oct 6 Finish Light Reactions Life Cycle, Diplohaplontic
Mon-Oct 9 Photosynthesis/Carbon
Chlorophyta, Archaeplastida
Tue-Oct 10 Bring a Laptop with Penny Installed
Cladistics Exercise, Penny
Example 1, Example 2
Chlorophyta Homework
Chlorophyta & Zygnemophyceae Slides
Wed-Oct 11 C-4 and CAM cycles
Chlamydomonas, Oedognoium, Codium, Ulva
Fri-Oct 13 Due: Leaf Anatomy Hmwk & PSN Ex.
Phylogeny Flowers, PPT, HTM
Bryophytes, Liverworts
Mon-Oct 16 Cyanobacteria, PPT, HTM
Leafy Liverworts
Tue-Oct 17 Due: Cyanobacteria Homework
Flower Morphology (Brief Version)
Observing Cyanobacteria
Bryophytes Homework
Bryophyte Study Sheet
Bryophyte Crossword
Wed-Oct 18 A basic life history
Green Algae, PPT, HTM
Moss, Bryopsida
Fri-Oct 20 Finish Green Algae Polytrichum, Physcomitrella
Mon-Oct 23 Liverworts, PPT, HTM
Tue-Oct 24 Due: Cladistics Exercise
Due: Flower Introductory Exercise
Observing Chlorophyte Algae
Wed-Oct 25 Due: Chlorophyta Homework
Mosses, PPT, HTM
Psilotum, Tmesipteris, Psilotales
Fri-Oct 27 Hornworts, PPT, HTM Lycophytes, Morphology, More
Mon-Oct 30 Fern Allies: Psilotum, PPT, HTM
Equisetum, Equisetology, Giants!
Tue-Oct 31 Moss Homework Clinic Ferns and Allies Homework
Ferns and Allies Slides
Wed-Nov 1 Fern Allies: Lycophytes, PPT, HTM
Fri-Nov 3 Fern Allies: Equisetum, PPT, HTM
Selaginella, Isoetopsida, Isoetes
Mon-Nov 6 Fern Allies: Ferns, PPT, HTM
Gymnosperms, Cycads, Pages, Ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba
Tue-Nov 7 Due: Bryophytes Homework
(Mystery Plant Flower Observations
Psilotum, Equisetum, Fern gametophytes)
Class Choice: Arboretum Fern Allies Field Trip
Selaginella, Cycads, Ginkgo Homework
Selaginella Slides
Cycads and Ginkgo Slides
Wed-Nov 8 Selaginella, PPT, HTM
Seed Plants, Pinophyta
Fri-Nov 10 Cycads, PPT, HTM Ginkgo
Pine, Cones
Mon-Nov 13 Pine Life History, PPT, HTM
Gnetophytes, Gnetum, Ephedra, Welwitschia
Tue-Nov 14 Due: Fern Allies Homework
Fern Cycad and Ginkgo Campus Walk
Dress for Weather!
Pine Reproduction Homework
Pine Reproduction Slides
Wed-Nov 15 Finish Pine Life History Anthophyta, Flower, Stamen, Pollen
Fri-Nov 17 Course Evaluation
Gnetales, PPT, HTM
Gynoecium, Ovule
Mon-Nov 20 Anthophyta: Male, PPT, HTM Fruit Anatomy, Fruit
Tue-Nov 21 Due: Selaginella, Cycads, Ginkgo Hwk
Gymnosperm Campus Tour
Angiosperm Reproduction Homework
Angiosperm Reproduction Slides
Wed-Nov 22 Thanksgiving Break
Fri-Nov 24
Mon-Nov 27 Anthophyta: Female
Tue-Nov 28 Due: Pine Reproduction Homework
Flowers Exercise
Wed-Nov 29 From Flower to Seed in Fruit
Floral Adaptations, PPT, HTM
Magnoliophyta, Flower Evolution
Fri-Dec 1 Finish Floral Adaptations Digital Flowers
Mon-Dec 4 Floral Evolution, PPT, HTM APG, APG Systematics
Tue-Dec 5 Due: Angiosperm Reproduction Hwk
Fruits Exercise
Angiosperm Seeds Homework
Angiosperm Seeds Slides
Wed-Dec 6 Finish Plant Evolution  
Due: Greenhouse Proximity Card Return
Do Old Exams Help You Study?
Tue-Dec 12 2-4 PM Final Exam SB-315
Due: Seeds Homework
Due: Flowers Exercise
Due: Fruits Exercise

This course satisfies one of the upper-level lab course requirements for organismal biology for the biology major. It is designed to provide you with comprehensive exposure to the subject of botany. You will learn about the structure, life history, and evolution of plants. Physiology and ecology will be kept to a minimum as ECSU offers comprehensive courses on these subjects and this course will prepare you well for taking those courses. This course will assist you in answering 30-50% of the questions on the GRE biology exam. The organisms featured in this course have spanned 3 billion years of the history of life on planet Earth. If you are a person who has over-specialized in zoology, ecology, or cellular and molecular biology, this course will expand your horizons significantly. As a study of producers, this course will examine those organisms so important because of their position at the energy and elemental intake portion of the energy pyramid and the food web! This course should bring you to a better appreciation of plants, upon which animals depend completely for our very survival.

Since this course focuses upon plant structures, life histories, and evolution, you are advised that the differences among the organisms known as plants are expressed most extensively and differentially in their reproductive structures, functions, and evolution. You are forewarned that this course necessarily has strong sexual content. If you are uncomfortable discussing, dissecting, and studying the sexual aspects of plants and their conspecifics, perhaps you should consider a different course for this semester.

There is no book required for this course. If your learning style requires a formal book to guide your studies, then here is a list of recommended botany books by on-line price for a new copy (observed in March 2017). Our campus bookstore will have copies of Kratz and Raven et al., perhaps both new and used, available for purchase.

This course was last offered in Fall 2014 and only one new edition has appeared in these three years! The Botany for Dummies text has extremely informal style (extensive use of contractions, setting a bad writing example!). This is not equivalent to a formal, full-color, well-illustrated college-level majors text such as the rest of those listed above. On the other hand, there is much to be said for its price. There are some errors as might be expected in a first edition, but it is really quite a reasonable book for the price. It does omit the green algae, however.

To provide you with some reading sources beyond my own (see below), I provide some links to Wikipedia on the schedule. I know some faculty would be crying bloody murder, but frankly, I find Wiki articles to be fairly accurate, well documented, and not too badly organized. They do lack the cross-referenced illustrations of a textbook, but I am providing many of the illustrations in my links on the course schedule above. There are many botanical images that could be found in Google Image too! There are even botanical videos available at YouTube. Another interesting and useful biological resource is Wikispecies. Now that you know of on-line resources, you need to put them to your full advantage!

My lecture notes, PowerPoint slides, homework handouts, homework resources and lab exercise materials and all due dates are linked on the course schedule above for your study. I hope you appreciate the $aving$! You will receive one printed copy of homework and lab exercise worksheets. The links above allow you to download a copy for reprinting should you need a second copy. I recommend that you purchase a large three-ring binder for these and for your notes, with zipper pouch containing: Small Scissors, Metric Rule, Fine Forceps, Mechanical Pencil, Leads, Eraser, Colored Pencils, and a USB Flash Drive or other storage device for whatever computer you like to use. Because I abhor grading inky-messes, there is a 10% penalty for all laboratory papers and quizzes completed in ink; buy your pencil, keep it in your zipper pouch, and use it well.

Your course grade will be based on 1000 points divided between 200 points for weekly quizzes, 200 points for the graded homework assignments, 200 points for graded lab assignments (attendance may be counted here), 100 points for participation, 100 points for the term project, and 200 points for the comprehensive final exam.

A Quiz will be given at the beginning of each laboratory period. Quizzes will cover lectures, readings, and laboratory material from the previous portions of the course. Most quizzes will consist of a variety of question types; it is your responsibility to be prepared for all forms of questions (MC, TF, FI, Drawing, Essay). THERE WILL BE NO MAKE-UP QUIZZES! When the students who arrived to laboratory on time are finished with the quiz, all other quiz papers will be collected (finished or not). Do not be late to laboratory! If you miss one quiz it will be excused. Missing an additional quiz will not be excused and will put a 0 score to be calculated into your grade. If you have not missed one quiz all semester, then your lowest quiz score will be dropped from grading.

Homework and Laboratory Worksheets will be provided to you; if you lose yours, print a replacement from the website. The worksheets are due at the beginning of class on the announced due date posted on this course webpage. A paper turned in during or after that lecture will be scored as one-day late. Late papers will receive a penalty of 10% per day late; and after the first graded paper is returned to any one of your classmates, your late work is no longer acceptable and will be scored as a 0. You will need to make many sketches and write much about what you have learned during each part of the course to stay "up to date." These materials include on-line anatomy homework exercises that are just as important as any other part of the course!

The Term Project is to prepare a large paper (probably 30 pages or more including captioned sketches) on the comparative morphology, anatomy, development, growth, and reproduction of your personal mystery plant. Obviously the first few in-lab exercises will be your guides as to things to do, sketches to make, observations to record, graphs to print from Excel. Because nearly half of you have failed to meet the department's intermediate writing requirement (Bio 050), this first submission will be due when we start talking about life cycles...the date-specific is weather and it will be announced later with a due date of one week in the future. This is not much warning, so be sure you are keeping up on this work. The first submission is not expected to cover flowers and fruits. The second submission will be due near the end of the semester; this later paper will include the reproductive biology of your mystery plant. While identifying your plant is one part of this project, it is only an exceedingly minute part of it. The late penalty for worksheets described above applies to this term project report as well! If you have failed to meet the Bio 050 requirement, you may be assigned additional writing work to determine whether you have made the grade or not.

Because the work for the term project is performed largely outside of class time, you will be assigned a proximity card with a particular serial number on it. This card opens the door numbered Science 120, thus giving you access to the greenhouse and headhouse during hours when the building is open. Please do not provide access to other people...the software on the electronic lock records your uses so, if there are problems, they can be traced to you! Please keep your proximity card so you do not lose it; if you do lose yours, please notify me immediately so I can have the system reject your card until you find it. At the end of the term project I will be asking for return of the proximity card; if yours is not returned at or before the final exam, you will fail the course.

The Final Exam is a comprehensive examination of the entire course. Lecture, Homework, and Laboratory material will be integrated into this exam. The Exam will be short answer and short essay with sketches, etc. Questions are likely to be focused longitudinally through the course rather than horizontally through each group of plants (i.e. unlike the quizzes!). "Seeing the forest" will be more important than "knowing its trees" for this exam. It will be given during the final exam week on the day specifically assigned to our lecture or lab time. Please be sure to schedule your travel, work and other plans around this date and time!

I will do my level best to grade all student work as fairly and as objectively as I know to try. I am open to your suggestions about fairness. I am open to reconsidering any grading that you may feel was unfair within one week of a paper's return to you. I cannot address concerns that go unexpressed, so I invite you to my office hours to discuss every concern you may have in this course. Two students who compare grading on their separate papers and believe they have found an example of special treatment, should come in together to discuss it objectively. I will never take points away from any points awarded on a paper. However, it may be that two answers that seem to be "the same" are, in fact, different enough that one is correct and the other is wrong. It may only be the addition of a single word that makes a difference between a point and no point. It may be that the point was not awarded in one case because the word was not connected properly to a structure on a diagram, etc. There is also a chance that I failed to mark an incorrect answer wrong on one paper by accident; although I will not take away points awarded (even in error) on a paper, it is important to understand that I will not compound such a mistake on other papers. Please come in to discuss your concerns; I am happy to explain my grading to you and to make any adjustments as are correct and fair.

Participation in this laboratory course is essential and it will be assessed in lecture in several different ways: attendance, in-class activities, and plicker questions. Moreover, should your course grade come near a grading border, my sense of your participation in this course will be used as leverage into or barrier from the next-higher grade. Being on-time to all classes, having all materials needed for class, turning in assignments on time or early, being thorough in your laboratory work, being attentive in both lab and lecture classes, working efficiently and cooperatively with lab partners, asking pertinent questions, having answers to my questions in lectures, etc. are all good ways to impress me about your commitment to learning botany. If you are a person who procrastinates, who does only the minimum, who is tardy with papers, who complains about academic workloads, who watches lab partners doing the work, who sleeps in class, who can not or will not do simple math, or who answers cell phone calls or text-messaging in will get exactly what you earn...and only what you earn.

A few students are under the mistaken impression that learning exercises are or should be initiated and completed, including all calculations and answering of thought questions, within the 3, 50-minute lectures and the 3-hour laboratory class period. I remind you that the university catalog and I are in agreement that, for the six hours of in-class time each week, you are also expected to spend at least twelve (**12**) hours each week on your own time completing course work! Failing to distinguish what to do during laboratory time vs homework time is one reason students often claim that the laboratory exercises in my courses are too long. It is important to identify and complete data collection in class and to avoid breaking out calculators or computers in laboratory time to do the homework thinking and homework calculations in class. It is also good practice to spend no laboratory time in social much fun and as tempting as that activity may be.

Dress Code: This class will be consistent with departmental guidelines for laboratory and field courses. You are expected to wear closed shoes for all laboratory and field meetings. You are expected to wear long pants or jeans or will bring a labcoat to cover your shorts/dress/skirt/kilt. You will wear your slacks at your waist and will not be exposing the class to your undergarments. In laboratory, you will not wear shirts/blouses/sweaters/etc. with long flowing sleeves. You will not be allowed to wear a hat in lecture or laboratory, but if your hair is longer than your earlobes, you will be required to have your hair held back in a hair tie/elastic band/scrunchie, etc. for laboratory. For field excursions, all students must wear closed shoes, suitably warm clothing, and raingear, hats, or gloves as needed/desired. You are not allowed to eat or drink in the laboratory, but you are permitted to bring both food and beverage into the field. All associated trash must be taken from the field site by you and placed in proper receptacles.

The biology department and I expect you to monitor your university email address for important communications from the university, from the department, and from your biology instructors. In this course, the official syllabus is the on-line version as modified during the semester; you are expected to check the on-line syllabus frequently and regularly for changes, especially due dates for assignments.

Cheating and plagiarism will not be tolerated. Points allocated for data that you did not help to collect will be discounted completely. Attendance is critical to good performance, particularly in laboratory. Keeping up in reading the website, studying, etc. is important. If you lack time-management or study skills, ask me how to learn them.

If you have not yet met the BIO 050 intermediate writing requirement in biology (8 points or more from the core courses), it is your responsibility to notify me of this problem. I will respond by providing you with additional writing requirements in this course so that perhaps you can demonstrate that you are ready for Senior Seminar.

If you are a student with a disability and believe you need accommodations for this class, it is your responsibility to immediately contact the Office of AccessAbility Services. I cannot provide accommodations based upon disability until I have received a directive letter from that office.