Plant Physiology

Tentative Schedule

Biology 438 Spring 2018
MWF 8-8:50 AM Lecture Science 231
M 2:00 AM-4:50 PM Laboratory Science 333
Hotlines: 860-465-4444 or 800-578-1449

Dr. Ross Koning
MWF 9-11AM Science 356
Cell: 860-933-2712

Date Lecture/Lab Topic/Activity/Etc.
Wed-Jan 17 Snow Day: Introduction: Science
Fri-Jan 19 Why Study Plants?
Mon-Jan 22 Basic Botany
Quiz 1Morphology Hist and Tissue Culture
Wed-Jan 24 More Basic Botany
Fri-Jan 26 Finish Basic Botany
Mon-Jan 29 Smoke Day: Finishing Up Basics
Plant Basics Powerpoint
Quiz 2Plant Anatomy Hist
Leaf, Stem, Root Cross Sections
Wed-Jan 31 Doing the Anatomy Experiments, etc.
Fri-Feb 2 Did You see your shadow?
Due: Plant Morphology Amp. Abs.
Basic Plant Cytology 1
Mon-Feb 5 Basic Plant Cytology 1
Due: Plant Anatomy Amp. Abs.
Quiz 2+3Cytology Hist
Sample Abstract
Wed-Feb 7 Snow: Basic Plant Cytology 2!
Fri-Feb 9 Enzyme Basics
Mon-Feb 12 Enzyme Kinetics
Due: Plant Cytology Amp. Abs.
Quiz 4Enzyme Kinetics
SpectroVis Protocol
Data Share Document
Michaelis-Menten Regression
Excel Solution
Nonlinear Regression Pointers
Term Report Assignment
Michaelis-Menten Translators
Michaelis-Menten Translation
Klabunde et al. Article
Janovitz-Klapp et al. Article
Wed-Feb 14 Got a date tonight?
Finish Enzyme Kinetics
Fri-Feb 16 Lincoln Birthday
Mon-Feb 19 Washington Birthday
Wed-Feb 21 Water and Water Movement
Fri-Feb 23 Osmosis Root intake
Mon-Feb 26 Solutes
Due: Four Figures for Term Paper
Quiz 5Osmosis Hist
Diffusion Hist
and Betacyanin Structure
Wed-Feb 28 Finish Solutes
Fri-Mar 2 Mineral Requirements
Mon-Mar 5 Finish Minerals
Due: Osmosis Data+Spreadsheet
Quiz 6Mineral Nutrition Hist
Periodic Chart
Treat: Tissue Culture
Wed-Mar 7 Snow: Transpiration!
Fri-Mar 9 Due: Diffusion Amp. Abs.
Mon-Mar 12 Spring Break
Wed-Mar 14
Fri-Mar 16
Date Lecture/Lab Topic/Activity/Etc.
Mon-Mar 19 Light and Chlorophyll
Quiz 7Transpiration Hist
Planting Seeds, etc.
Wed-Mar 21 Light Reactions
Fri-Mar 23 Finish: Light Reactions
REK: Plant Mung Beans for Root Init.
Mon-Mar 26 Intro: Calvin Cycle
Due: Transpiration Handout Only
Sunglasses Recommended (Class 2012)
Quiz 8Photosynthesis Hist
Replenish Mineral Elements
Plant Peas for Light
Treat: Pea Stem Growth Hist
Wed-Mar 28 Continue: Calvin Cycle
Fri-Mar 30 Day of Reflection
Mon-Apr 2 Finish: Calvin Cycle
Due: Photosynthesis Amp. Abs.
Quiz 9Model System: Happy Bird Hist
Finish: Pea Stem Growth
Horm/Gen Pea Stem Growth Plot
Treat: Mung Beans for Root Initiation
Plant: Bean Branch Initiation
Plant: Bean Leaf abscission
Wed-Apr 4 C4 and CAM Cycles
Discussion of C4 PSN in Bienertia sinuspersici article
Fri-Apr 6 Pentose Phosphate Shunt
Mon-Apr 9 Plant Respiration
Due: Happy Bird Handout Only
Due: Pea Stem Growth Amp. Abs.
Quiz 10 — Finish: Plant Tissue Culture Hist
Tissue Culture Plot
Measure: Mineral Nutrition
Measure: Light and Stem Growth Hist
Light and Stem Analysis
Plant: "Hard Wheat Berries" Seed
Wed-Apr 11 Plant Respiration
Fri-Apr 13 Intro: Phytochrome CREATE!
Due 4:30 PM: Enzyme lab report Hist
Mon-Apr 16 Finish: Phytochrome
Quiz 11 — Finish: Mineral Nutrition
Finish: Light and Stem Growth
Finish: Root Initiation Hist
Treat: Bean Branch Initiation Hist
Treat: Leaf Abscission Hist
Treat: Leaf Senescence Hist
Wed-Apr 18 Photoperiodism
Skip: Blue-Light Responses
Fri-Apr 20 Due: Tissue Culture Amp. Abs.
Mon-Apr 23 Course Evaluation
Finish: Auxins
On Your Own: More About Auxin
Due: Mineral Nutrition Amp. Abs.
Due: Light and Growth Data Print (no abstract)
Light and Stem Analysis
Quiz 12 — Finish: Bean Branch: Auxin
Data share: Leaf Senescence Plots
SetUp: Seed Germination Hist
Tomato Juice: 0.497 osmolar and pH 4.09
Wed-Apr 25 Gibberellins
Fri-Apr 27 Finish Seed Germination Project
Rooting Data & Plot Fill & Email File
Tomato Juice Plot, pH Plot, Sucrose Plot
ABA Dose Plot, GA-TJ Dose Plot
GA-FR Dose Plot
Seed Germination Z-test Sheet
Mon-Apr 30 Cytokinins
Due: Leaf Senescence Amp. Abs.
Quiz 13 — Finish: Leaf Abscission
Abscission Plots
Finish: Bean Branch: Cytokinin
Ross Presents: Root Initiation Class Data
Team Presentations on Seed Germination
(No abstract, 1 copy of graph)
Wed-May 2 Ethylene
Fri-May 4 Abscisic Acid
Upon Request FWIW: Really Old Exams Directory
Mon-May 7 Due: Bean Branch Amp. Abs.
Leaf Abscission Amp. Abs.
8-10 AM Final Exam in Science 231

This course satisfies one of the six upper-level course requirements for the biology major. It is designed to provide you with comprehensive exposure to the subject of plant physiology. You will learn about the structure and function of plants throughout their development from seeds through reproduction. Considerable experience in chemistry is assumed, as is recall from BIO 220 (Cell Structure and Function). Our discussions and exercises will cover from the biochemical level through the organismal level. For this reason, it is a course in the list of Cell and Molecular Biology courses offered by the department. The laboratory exercises will complement the lectures. If you are a person who has over-specialized in molecular biology, zoology or human biology, this course will expand your horizons significantly. As a study of producers, this course will examine those organisms so important because of their position at the energy and elemental intake portion of the energy pyramid and the food web! Upon these organisms depends human survival.

You will find lecture notes, lab exercises, due dates, and other course materials available for you on the World Wide Web at this address:

Several texts in Plant Physiology are published...I have chosen none of them because they are too deep (expecting too much background undergrads do not have yet) or are extremely expensive or both. If you want a finished, published text, older editions (except the first edition) are probably just fine for this course, but here are references for latest edition choices:

L. Taiz and E. Zeiger. 2015. Plant Physiology. 6th ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc. This is the deep, standard text at $112hard/$147paper. Earlier editions might be just as useful for a whole lot less; just less "up to date."

R. Jones and H. Ougham. 2012. The Molecular Life of Plants. Wiley/Blackwell. About $131hard/$72paper; I have not see this one yet, but it replaces a very good book that was more heavily biochemical.

Separate exercise worksheets will be handed out for your use. You should obtain a three-ring binder to hold them together as a laboratory manual. The exercises will overlap in time and due-dates, so having them all together and with you in class each day is critical! The binder will help with that. I know spiral books are all the rage, but a 3-ring binder is vastly superior for this course! Put your name inside your binder so when it is lost you have at least some hope of recovery!

1→2 inch three-ring binder with zipper pouch containing: Small Scissors, Metric Rule, Fine Forceps, Pencil (mechanical preferred), Eraser, Simple Calculator (+−×÷=). Former students suggest getting some color pencils for your zipper pouch. A small pocket knife or whatever you like to clean under your fingernails would be good to have too. All of these are available inexpensively at retail stores just about anywhere. Your own laptop with Microsoft Excel installed to some lab sessions may be most useful to you! Lab worksheets even partially completed in ink will receive a 10% penalty...use pencil only...keep it in your zipper pouch so it is ready for use!

Your final course grade will be based on weekly quizzes (30%), laboratory worksheets and amplified abstracts (30%), a lab report (10%), a final exam (20%), and participation (10%) as described below.

There will be a quiz given each week for the first few minutes of laboratory time. Emphasis for each quiz will be whatever has been covered since the previous quiz in either lecture or laboratory, but questions could be on anything previously in the course and/or synthesis of separate ideas presented in the course. Each quiz may consist of a variety of question types; be prepared for all! You will be given one week after each quiz is returned in which to challenge, in writing, the grading/scoring of that quiz. THERE WILL BE NO MAKE-UP QUIZZES! Being tardy for the quiz will shorten your time to work on the quiz...when all students who are on-time to class are finished, all quizzes will be collected promptly. You be prompt too!

Each laboratory exercise will be inspired by a handout. You will work with one or more partner(s). Each person will fill out and hand in their own handout and/or write a one-page abstract about the project amplified by attached notes, drawings, graphs, calculations, etc., depending on the exercise. Electronic files are not acceptable documentation of your laboratory exercises. The worksheet and/or amplified abstract will be likely due one week after the exercise is officially completed and the due date will be posted on the official syllabus page for this course on the website. The papers are due at the beginning of the class period on the indicated date. Papers received after the starting time of the class by even 1 minute will be considered one-day late. Late papers will receive a penalty of 10% per day late but after the first graded exercise paper is returned to one of your classmates, your late submission is no longer acceptable and earns a grade of 0%! I grade as promptly as possible, so you need to be prompt too!

The format of the lab report must follow the standard guidelines in the departmental style manual (Pechenik or Knisely). The laboratory report must be handed in as a hard-copy; electronic files are not acceptable. The laboratory report is due no later than 8:00 AM on Monday, April 2, 2018. Do not be an April Fool; failure to hand in this report by this deadline will result in a course grade of F, regardless of the other grades earned in the course. You should not let this assignment go to the deadline without any attention on your part! This needs to be an upper-level report showing your experience in our core writing courses. If you need it, this report may meet the BIO 050 standard.

You will take a comprehensive final exam in this course at the appropriate time on the official final exam schedule. The exam covers all material in this course. Studying the quizzes will assist you in preparing for the final. But you will also want to be prepared to answer broader questions, perhaps even integrative essay questions that go beyond weekly coverage.

Participation in this laboratory course is essential. Being on-time to all classes, having all materials needed for class, turning in assignments on time or early, being thorough in your laboratory work, being attentive in both lab and lecture classes, working efficiently and cooperatively with lab partners, asking pertinent questions, having answers to my questions in lectures, performance on Plicker™ questions, etc. are all good ways to impress me about your commitment to learning about plant physiology. If you are a person who procrastinates, who does only the minimum, who is tardy with everything, who complains about academic workloads, who watches lab partners doing the work, who sleeps in class, or who can not or will not do simple math, will get what you earn...and only what you earn.

Dress Code: This class will be consistent with departmental guidelines for laboratory courses. You are expected to wear closed shoes for all laboratory meetings. You are expected to wear long pants or jeans or will bring a labcoat to cover your shorts/dress/skirt/kilt. You will wear your slacks at your waist and will not be exposing the class to your undergarments. In laboratory, you will not wear shirts/blouses/sweaters/etc. with long flowing sleeves. You will not be allowed to wear a hat in lecture or laboratory, but if your hair is longer than your earlobes, you will be required to have your hair held back in a hair-tie or elastic band, etc. for laboratory. You are not allowed to eat or drink in the laboratory.

If you are a commuter to our campus, you should remember that parking is often hard to find and leave extra time for the search, and for the walking that may be required once you are parked. Also, you need to think about alternatives should you have vehicle problems. Is there a family member who can give you a ride? Do you have contacts for other ECSU students from your town with whom you might carpool? Are your tires good enough for the driving conditions that New England weather will present? Commuters need to be courageous about driving in snow, on glare ice, in torrential rain, etc.

If you believe you will need special accommodations for this class, please contact the Office of AccessAbility Services at (860) 465-5573 as soon as possible. I cannot provide accommodations until I have received a formal accommodation letter from the Office of AccessAbility Services.

In many exercises you will work with laboratory partners and will share the data obtained. Your calculations, your reports, abstracts, and quizzes must, however, be done ON YOUR OWN. Plagiarism will not be tolerated and severe penalties will be invoked. Copying will not be tolerated. Extra credit work will not be given to any one for any reason!