|Pruning Type||What is Done-Examples|
|Bonsai||Heavy root and shoot pruning to dwarf and make "ancient looking"|
|Topiary||Sculpting shrubs in 3 dimensions|
|Espalier||2 dimensional shaping of shrubs/trees|
|Shrubs||Rule of thumb: remove stems of thumb diameter at ground after flowering|
|Belgian Fence||Espalier coupled with approach grafts forming lattice|
|Fruit Trees||Central Leader (nuts), Modified Leader (dwarf), or Open System (standard)|
|Dead Wood||Weak (narrow) Crotches|
|Diseased Wood||Anything Out of Form|
|Crossing Branches||Excess Flowers and Fruits|
|Watersprouts (verticals on horizontals)||not: Flowering/fruiting spurs|
|Hedges, Topiary, Bonsai, Espalier||Frequent: As Needed!|
|Fruit Trees, Fruit Shrubs, Grapes||February Once Per Year|
|Flowering Trees, Flowering Shrubs||After Flowering Once Per Year|
|Never Prune Anything||After September 1|
This page © Ross E. Koning 1994.
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Send comments and bug reports to Ross Koning at koningre∂gmail⋅com.