BIO 207 Spring 2018
Lecture: Science 116 TR 12:30-1:45 PM
Laboratory: Science 116 T 8:00-10:45 AM
Hotlines: 465-4444 or 800-578-1449
Ross Koning
Science 356 MWF 9-9:50 AM, T 2-4 PM
Best Phone: 860-933-2712
Plants and Human Affairs--Tentative Schedule

Date Lecture Notes, PowerPoint Slides, VIPs Tuesday Lab Exercise
Jan 25 Tue Why Study Plants?, PPT, VIP
④⑦ Human dependence on plants and land use decisions
Quiz 1, Greenhouse Tour & Startup
Jan 27 Thu ③④⑤ Scientific Method, PPT, VIP
Feb 1 Tue Plant Cells, PPT, VIP Quiz 2, ②③ Biologist at Work
Bring your laptop and/or USB drive
Feb 3 Thu Plant Cell Integration
Feb 8 Tue Plant Leaves, PPT, VIP Quiz 3, ②③ Morphology and Anatomy
Feb 10 Thu Due: Biologist at Work
Plant Stems, PPT, VIP
④⑦ Marijuana--medical or recreational use
Feb 15 Tue Secondary Stem Growth Quiz 4, ②③ Finish
Morphology and Anatomy
Feb 17 Thu Plant Roots, PPT, VIP
Feb 22 Tue Due: Morphology and Anatomy
Plant Flowers, PPT, VIP
Quiz 5, ②③ Flower Morphology
Feb 24 Thu Pollen and Embryo Sac, PPT, VIP
Mar 1 Tue Flower Morphology
Bee HyperAttractive
Pollination Types, PPT
Quiz 6, ②③ Bee HyperAttractive SIM
Bee Hyperattractive
Mar 3 Thu Honeybee Biology, PPT, VIP
④⑦ Honeybees and extinction
Mar 8 Tue Fruit Growth and Types, PPT, VIP
④⑦ Free USA coffee and child labor in South America
Quiz 7, ②③ Seeds and Fruits
Seed Germination Setup
Mar 10 Thu Seeds and Fruits
Fruit Ripening, PPT, VIP
Seeds and Seed Germination, PPT, VIP
Seed Germ Counts
Mar 15 Tue What is a Plant?, PPT, VIP Quiz 8, ②③ Seed Germination Finish
②③ Growth Hormones
Mar 17 Thu Due: Seed Germination
Due: Growth Hormones
Genetics, PPT, VIP
Mar 22 Tue Spring Vacation
Mar 24 Thu
Date Lecture Notes, PowerPoint Slides, VIPs Tuesday Lab Exercise
Mar 29 Tue Genetics After Mendel
④⑦ GMOs and Human Health
Bring Your Laptop Today (If you have one)
Quiz 9, ②③ HoTMendeL SIM
Mar 31 Thu Vegetative Propagation, PPT, VIP
④⑦ Cloning, monoculture, and the lessons of 19th century Ireland
Apr 5 Tue Due: HoTMendeL Printout
Rooting, VIP
Quiz 10, ②③ Vegetative Propagation
Apr 7 Thu Soil Texture, Fertilizers, PPT, VIP
Apr 12 Tue Soil pH, Cation Exchange Bring 2-cup Soil Sample
Quiz 11, ②③ Soil Analysis
Apr 14 Thu Water, PPT, VIP
④⑦ Water Rights--people or agriculture in arid environments
Apr 19 Tue Pruning, PPT, VIP Quiz 12, ②③ Water Relations
Apr 21 Thu Grafting, PPT, VIP Due: Soil Analysis
Apr 26 Tue Due: Water Relations
Light, PPT, VIP
Quiz 13, ②③ Pruning
Apr 28 Thu Photoperiodism,Temperature, VIP
May 3 Tue Due: Vegetative Propagation
Due: Pruning
Weeds and Pests, PPT
④⑦ Pesticides, Water and Soil Quality, and Honeybees
Quiz 14, ②③ Light and Growth
May 5 Thu Finish Pests
May 10 Tue Course Evaluation
Quiz 15
Finish Light and Growth Lab
(bring your calculator)
Due: Light and Growth
Sleep In Today!
See you at 12:30 lecture!

Bio 207 is a course for non-science majors intended for use in the LAC to satisfy the Tier 2 Natural Science requirement and includes the required laboratory experience.

In this course the basic principles of life will be stressed. These include cellular structure, metabolism, growth, reproduction, adaptation, and evolution. This course approaches these basic principles of biology using two examples: plants and humans. We will stress plants, so you will learn about the form and function of plants, how to optimize environmental factors to maximize the growth and health of plants both in the home and in the garden, field, or orchard. In laboratory, you will apply the seven-step scientific method you learned in your Tier 1 Natural Science LAC course. And you will learn to distinguish experimental science from descriptive science. You will gain critical thinking skills and develop analytical logic in approaching solutions to simple problems. You will learn how to apply simple math and statistical testing of hypotheses to everyday questions. In short, you will further develop some basic skills in the discipline of science. These experiences qualify this course for use in Tier 2 of the LAC.

Tier 2 LAC natural science courses are designed to build upon your knowledge of scientific concepts and methodologies gained in the Tier 1 natural science course. In this Tier 2 course, you will expand your base of knowledge and consider the roles of pure, curiosity-driven, scientific research, and applied research in addressing societal needs. In the laboratory part of our course you will gain first-hand hands-on experience in planning, making, analyzing, and interpreting scientific observations. When you have finished this course, you should be able to:

① evaluate the quality of scientific data and its interpretation in published studies;
② acquire and synthesize data needed to apply science to the needs of society;
③ apply scientific methods and knowledge in making and evaluating decisions in human affairs; and
④ recognize the limitations of science in addressing certain societal problems.

Upon completion of all of your Tier 2 LAC requirements, you should be able to:

⑤ identify and apply diverse methods of inquiry and ways of knowing in making and evaluating decisions in human affairs;
⑥ develop the ability to think creatively, and come to value ingenuity and originality by engaging in multiple modes of problem solving; and
⑦ apply ethical principles to practical problems of life and work.

There is no textbook for this course. Instead we have a website (URL above) as our resource. The lecture topics are links to reading material. The PPT link displays the PowerPoint slides used in lecture. For some copyrighted material you need the username: ___________________ and the password: ____________________. If you need a textbook for your style of learning, I recommend: Capon, B. 2010. Botany for Gardeners. 3rd edition. Timber Press ($13.56 at in 2/2018). The study guide for our course consists of a handout booklet, made up of the VIPs (Very Important Pictures) linked in the schedule above. The on-line versions allow you to check your VIP responses. The laboratory manual will consist of individual exercises handed out as needed during the course.

You need a 3-ring binder to organize all course handouts. A 3-ring zipper pouch will keep supplies at hand. Load it with a pencil, mechanical preferred, with eraser (all work in ink receives a 10% penalty!), a simple calculator (+-×÷=), something to clean soil from under your fingernails, and a USB drive. A laptop computer with Microsoft Excel available (through live@edu or on the hard-drive) and wireless access will be very helpful.

There will be weekly quizzes given in laboratory covering material learned in both lecture and laboratory. None of the quizzes will be cumulative, but this course does do some "building" during the term. You can expect a variety of question types: multiple choice, matching, diagrams to draw and/or label, charts, structured essays, etc. Quiz scores will be recorded as a straight percentage of possible points. Quizzes provide 40% of the course grade.

For each exercise, you must bring the laboratory exercise worksheets. The completed worksheets will be due at the beginning of lecture class on the Thursday after all the data have been collected. Lab exercises grades are recorded as a straight percentage of possible points. Late papers will receive a penalty of 10% per day late; once the Thursday lecture has begin, your late paper is already one day late; the following Tuesday the late paper is six days late (60% off). Once the papers have been returned to any of your classmates, your late paper is no longer acceptable (=0). There are no make-up laboratory sessions. You will receive substantial penalties for relying upon data that you did not help to collect. The laboratory exercises constitute 40% of the grade.

My estimate of your participation in the course may provide leverage or barrier should your earned grade fall near a grade border. Attendance, attitude, and attention are three strong components to this factor in the final grade. We will be using Plickers as a lecture engagement technology as well as minute papers and think-pair-share techniques to actively learn. The human-affairs ethics components (labeled ④⑦ in the schedule) which could also be presentation/discussion/debate will be a large component of this part of your grade. Your participation in lecture and laboratory components constitute 20% of the grade.

Attendance is particularly important based upon past student performance in this course. In determining final course grades, I will drop the lowest quiz and the lowest worksheet scores; this allows you to miss one laboratory session (with written justification) or to drop the lowest score (not both). Additional absences earn 0 grades on both quiz and worksheet.

Staying on-task, remaining engaged in class discussion, and performing as an effective team-member is the second-most important criterion. As an adult, you are expected to bring all required materials to class and to be on time. Being tardy to laboratory session will directly cut into your time for taking the arrive on campus early enough to find parking, etc. The new garage should be open, just plan for walking time to the Science building! Commuters need to be sure your vehicle or ride is ready for New England winter driving conditions, and you need to be a courageous and defensive driver. Having a plan B is critical for a commuter. There are no special accommodations for "fearful" drivers choosing to be commuters.

Copying or plagiarism will not be tolerated. While you will work together to obtain data in the laboratory, your own observations and calculations must be shown on the worksheets and quizzes. Joint efforts will receive a single score to be divided equally among the participants (i.e. even a perfect paper becomes an F at 50%). Repeated offenses may result in campus judicial action.

Extra credit assignments will not be given to anyone for any reason. There could be bonus points provided on quizzes for everyone to earn, however.

I cannot provide special accommodations in this class until I receive an accommodations letter from the Office of AccessAbility Services at (860) 465-5573. If you need them, it is your responsibility to arrange for this letter as soon as possible.

If any of you have difficulty with any aspect of this course, please use my office hours (or make a special appointment with me) and/or use the tutoring and math support offered by the Academic Services Center in the Library.


This page © Ross E. Koning 1994.



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